HASSAN II Mosque
The Hassan II Mosque is a mosque located on the coast of the city of Casablanca , Morocco . It is the largest mosque in the country, the second mosque in Africa , and the thirteenth in the world . Its minaret is Andalusian, rising 210 meters (689 feet) and it is the second highest religious building in the world .
It began to be built in 1987 AD , and its construction was completed on the night of the Prophet’s birthday on Rabi` al-Awwal 11, 1414 AH / August 30, 1993 , during the reign of King Hassan II of Morocco .
The buildings attached to the mosque constitute an integrated cultural complex, and it is partly built on the sea with an area of 9 hectares (acres) and includes a prayer hall, ablution hall, bathroom, Quranic school, library and museum. In addition to cladding with “zellij” or colored ceramic mosaic on the columns, walls, and the sides and edges of the minaret, and carving on cedar wood that binds the mosque’s courtyard, and the colorful carved plaster work in the cornices and cornices.
The prayer hall , with an area of 20,000 square meters, can accommodate 25,000 worshipers, in addition to 80,000 people in the yard. The mosque has modern technologies, including an automatic roof (it opens and closes automatically) and laser beams with a range of 30 km in the direction of Makkah .
It was designed by the French architect Michel Pinseau, and built by the French group Bouygues, and the project was managed by the Moroccan Foundation affiliated with Bimaro .
The mosque from the inside
The technology was used to the maximum extent in the service of the construction industry and the Moroccan handicraft industry, an estimated 2,500 workers, 10,000 artisans and 50,000 hours of work. Thus the weight lift, the highest in the world, was designed to match the enormous height of the silo, with its bright lantern and beams, of two hundred meters . He used cement that has a double effect of four, not to support a tunnel under the channel, but to build a silo like no other.
The mosque can accommodate no less than eighty thousand people . The Hassan II Mosque is the fruit of a successive group of Islamic buildings and installations in the context of reviving and renewing the Andalusian heritage . Especially the Moroccan ones. It derives its nobility and beautiful features from the Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque in Fez , that mosque that is more than a thousand years old, and it inherits much of the splendor of Hassan’s silo in Rabat , the Koutoubia silo in Marrakech , and the Giralda in Seville, all of which were built by the Almohad Sultan Yaqub Al-Mansour.. In common with the Hassan II Mosque, the Marinid schools each have a cupboard. But the museum, which is an extension of the treasury, makes it a true cultural compound, adding richness to the whole building as it fulfills its religious mission. The Hassan II mosque is linked to the marine element that gives it a special character with a focus on the radiation of Islam in both the Atlantic and the Mediterranean . It was designed based on the Qur’anic verse, “His throne was on the water” [ 11 : 7] .
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03:42 – DIM-06-SEPT –2020